Cboe Global Markets Reports Results for First Quarter 2024

First Quarter Highlights*

  • Diluted EPS for the Quarter of $1.96, Up 20 percent
  • Adjusted Diluted EPS¹ for the Quarter of $2.15, Up 13 percent
  • Record Net Revenue for the Quarter of $502.1 million, Up 7 percent
  • Anticipates Higher End of Organic Total Net Revenue Growth2 Range of 5 to 7 percent in 2024; Reaffirms Data and Access Solutions Organic Net Revenue Growth Target2 of 7 to 10 percent
  • Decreases 2024 Adjusted Operating Expense Guidance2 to $795 to $805 million, from $798 to $808 million

CHICAGO, May 3, 2024 /PRNewswire/ — Cboe Global Markets, Inc. (Cboe: CBOE) today reported financial results for the first quarter of 2024.

“During the first quarter, Cboe delivered record quarterly net revenue and strong adjusted earnings1, led by the strength of our Derivatives and Data and Access Solutions categories,” said Fredric Tomczyk, Cboe Global Markets Chief Executive Officer. “These results build on our strong 2023 trends, as overall net revenues grew 7% year-over-year and adjusted EPS1 increased by 13% as compared to the same period in 2023. Importantly, the adjusted EBITDA margin1 for the quarter increased by 1.4% year-over-year to 67.2% during the quarter, marking clear progress in our efforts to drive greater margin efficiencies across our businesses. Last week, we announced plans to refocus our digital asset business to leverage our core strengths in derivatives, technology and product innovation while realizing operating efficiencies for both Cboe and our clients. The second quarter is off to a strong start, and I look forward to building on that momentum going forward.”

“Following a record 2023, I am incredibly pleased to report record net revenues and strong adjusted earnings1 in the first quarter of 2024,” said Jill Griebenow, Cboe Global Markets Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer. “Derivative trends were robust during the first quarter of 2024 with net revenues growing 8%. Data and Access Solutions delivered equally strong growth with net revenue up 8%, while Cash and Spot Markets net revenues were stable on a year-over-year basis. Moving forward, we anticipate organic total net revenue growth2 to finish at the higher end of our 5-7% expected guidance range. We are reaffirming our Data and Access Solutions organic net revenue growth2 range of 7-10%, in line with our medium-term expectations. Additionally, we are lowering our full year adjusted operating expense guidance2 range to $795 to $805 million from $798 to $808 million. 2024 is off to a strong start, and we look forward to delivering durable returns for shareholders in the quarters ahead.”

*All comparisons are first quarter 2024 compared to the same period in 2023.

 (1)A full reconciliation of our non-GAAP results to our GAAP (“Generally Accepted Accounting Principles”) results is included in the attached tables. See “Non-GAAP Information” in the accompanying financial tables.

(2)Specific quantifications of the amounts that would be required to reconcile the company’s organic net revenue growth guidance and adjusted operating expenses guidance are not available. The company believes that there is uncertainty and unpredictability with respect to certain of its GAAP measures, primarily related to acquisition-related revenues and expenses that would be required to reconcile to GAAP revenues less cost of revenues, GAAP operating expenses and GAAP effective tax rate, which preclude the company from providing accurate guidance on certain forward-looking GAAP to non-GAAP reconciliations. The company believes that providing estimates of the amounts that would be required to reconcile the range of the company’s organic net revenue growth guidance and adjusted operating expenses would imply a degree of precision that would be confusing or misleading to investors for the reasons identified above.

Consolidated First Quarter Results -Table 1

Table 1 below presents summary selected unaudited condensed consolidated financial information for the company as reported and on an adjusted basis for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023.

Table 1

Consolidated First Quarter Results













1Q24


1Q23



($ in millions except per share)



1Q24


1Q23

Change


Adjusted1


Adjusted1

Change

Total Revenues Less Cost of Revenues



$

502.1



$

471.4


7

%


$

502.1



$

471.4


7

%

Total Operating Expenses



$

219.7



$

223.5


(2)

%


$

192.9



$

186.2


4

%

Operating Income



$

282.4



$

247.9


14

%


$

309.2



$

285.2


8

%

Operating Margin % 




56.2

%



52.6

%

3.6

pp



61.6

%



60.5

%

1.1

pp

Net Income Allocated to Common Stockholders



$

208.3



$

172.6


21

%


$

227.7



$

201.8


13

%

Diluted Earnings Per Share



$

1.96



$

1.63


20

%


$

2.15



$

1.90


13

%

EBITDA1



$

337.1



$

303.9


11

%


$

337.3



$

310.3


9

%

EBITDA Margin %1




67.1

%



64.5

%

2.6

pp



67.2

%



65.8

%

1.4

pp

  • Total revenues less cost of revenues (referred to as “net revenue”) of $502.1 million increased 7 percent, compared to $471.4 million in the prior-year period, a result of increases in derivatives markets and data and access solutions net revenue, as well as stable cash and spot markets net revenue.
  • Total operating expenses were $219.7 million versus $223.5 million in the first quarter of 2023, a decrease of $3.8 million. Adjusted operating expenses1 of $192.9 million increased 4 percent compared to $186.2 million in the first quarter of 2023. This increase was primarily due to higher compensation and benefits and technology support services, partially offset by a decline in professional fees and outside services.
  • The effective tax rate for the first quarter of 2024 was 28.3 percent as compared with 30.1 percent in the first quarter of 2023. The lower effective tax rate in 2024 is primarily due to excess tax benefits from the vesting of equity awards during the quarter. The effective tax rate on adjusted earnings1 was 28.1 percent, a decrease of 0.9 percent when compared with 29.0 percent in last year’s first quarter.
  • Diluted EPS for the first quarter of 2024 increased 20 percent to $1.96 compared to the first quarter of 2023. Adjusted diluted EPS1 of $2.15 increased 13 percent compared to 2023 first quarter results.

Business Segment Information:

Table 2

Total Revenues Less Cost of Revenues by











Business Segment











(in millions)


1Q24

1Q23

Change

Options


$

307.4


$

280.7



10

%

North American Equities



92.6



93.1



(1)

%

Europe and Asia Pacific



54.1



49.3



10

%

Futures



30.5



31.1



(2)

%

Global FX



18.4



18.5



(1)

%

Digital



(0.9)



(1.3)



*

%

Total


$

502.1


$

471.4



7

%


(1)A full reconciliation of our non-GAAP results to our GAAP results is included in the attached tables. See “Non-GAAP Information” in the accompanying financial tables.

*Not meaningful

Discussion of Results by Business Segment:

Options:

  • Options net revenue of $307.4 million was up $26.7 million, or 10 percent, from the first quarter of 2023. Net transaction and clearing fees1 increased primarily as a result of a 14 percent increase in index options trading volumes versus the first quarter of 2023. Access and capacity fees were 7 percent higher than first quarter 2023.
  • Net transaction and clearing fees1 increased $28.4 million, or 12 percent, reflecting a 1 percent increase in total options average daily volume (“ADV”) and a 12 percent increase in total options RPC compared to the first quarter 2023. The increase in total options RPC was due to a mix shift, with index options representing a higher percentage of total options volume.
  • Cboe’s Options exchanges had total market share of 31.3 percent for the first quarter of 2024 compared to 31.8 percent in the first quarter of 2023, a result of lower multi-list market share as compared to the first quarter of 2023.

North American (N.A.) Equities:

  • N.A. Equities net revenue of $92.6 million decreased $0.5 million, or 1 percent versus the first quarter of 2023, reflecting lower net transaction and clearing fees1 and industry market data.
  • Net transaction and clearing fees1 decreased by $0.3 million, or 1 percent, compared to the first quarter of 2023. The decrease was driven by lower Canadian Equities market volumes and net capture as compared to the first quarter of 2023. The decrease was partially offset by a stronger U.S. off-exchange net capture rate, up 24 percent as compared to the first quarter of 2023 given client mix shift and less fee incentives given lower volumes.
  • Cboe’s U.S. Equities exchanges had market share of 12.8 percent for the first quarter of 2024 compared to 12.7 percent in the first quarter of 2023. Cboe’s U.S. Equities off-exchange market share was 18.4 percent versus 20.4 percent in the first quarter of 2023. Canadian Equities market share rose to 15.3 percent as compared to 14.3 percent in the first quarter of 2023 due to continued client adoption and growth.

Europe and Asia Pacific (APAC):

  • Europe and APAC net revenue of $54.1 million increased by 10 percent compared to the first quarter of 2023, reflecting double-digit non-transaction revenue growth across market data fees, access and capacity fees, and other revenue. On a constant currency basis1, net revenues were $53.4 million, up 8 percent on a year-over-year basis. European Equities average daily notional value (“ADNV”) traded on Cboe European Equities was €9.9 billion, down 13 percent compared to the first quarter of 2023 given a 9 percent decline in industry market volumes and lower market share.
  • For the first quarter of 2024, Cboe European Equities had 23.7 percent market share, down from 24.9 percent in the first quarter of 2023. Market share was negatively impacted by elevated closing auction activity on listing venues. Cboe Australia had 20.4 percent market share for the first quarter of 2024, up from 18.5 percent in the first quarter of 2023. Cboe Japan grew market share to 5.0 percent in the first quarter of 2024 from 4.8 percent in the first quarter of 2023. Cboe European Equities net capture rate increased 16 percent given mix shift to higher capture products, and Cboe Australia net capture decreased 3 percent when compared to the first quarter of 2023.

Futures:

  • Futures net revenue of $30.5 million decreased $0.6 million compared to the first quarter of 2023 due to a decline in net transaction and clearing fees1 , partially offset by higher access and capacity fees and market data fees.
  • Net transaction and clearing fees1 decreased $1.3 million, reflecting a 5 percent decrease in ADV during the quarter.

Global FX:

  • Global FX net revenue of $18.4 million decreased 1 percent, primarily due to lower net transaction and clearing fees1. ADNV traded on the Cboe FX platform was $45.3 billion for the quarter, up 1 percent compared to last year’s first quarter, and net capture rate per one million dollars traded was $2.62 for the quarter, down 1 percent compared to $2.64 in the first quarter of 2023.
  • Cboe FX market share was 20.3 percent for the quarter compared to 19.0 percent in last year’s first quarter.

Digital:

  • Announced the realignment of Cboe Digital asset business on April 25, 2024. Cboe plans to transition and fully integrate the digital asset derivatives and clearing businesses and wind down operations of the Cboe Digital Spot Market, pending regulatory review and certain corporate approvals.
  • The wind down of the Cboe Digital Spot Market operations is expected to have an immaterial impact on Cboe’s net revenue in 2024. Expense savings are estimated to be in the range of $2 million to $4 million in 2024, with savings expected to be in the $11 million to $15 million range on annualized adjusted operating expenses2.

(1)A full reconciliation of our non-GAAP results to our GAAP results is included in the attached tables. See “Non-GAAP Information” in the accompanying financial tables.

(2)Specific quantifications of the amounts that would be required to reconcile the company’s organic and inorganic growth guidance, adjusted operating expenses guidance, annualized adjusted operating expenses guidance, and the effective tax rate on adjusted earnings guidance are not available. Acquisitions are considered organic after 12 months of closing. The company believes that there is uncertainty and unpredictability with respect to certain of its GAAP measures, primarily related to acquisition-related revenues and expenses that would be required to reconcile to GAAP revenues less cost of revenues, GAAP operating expenses and GAAP effective tax rate, which preclude the company from providing accurate guidance on certain forward-looking GAAP to non-GAAP reconciliations. The company believes that providing estimates of the amounts that would be required to reconcile the range of the company’s organic growth, adjusted operating expenses, annualized adjusted operating expenses, and the effective tax rate on adjusted earnings would imply a degree of precision that would be confusing or misleading to investors for the reasons identified above.

2024 Fiscal Year Financial Guidance

Cboe provided guidance for the 2024 fiscal year as noted below.

  • Anticipates higher end of organic total net revenue growth1 range of 5 to 7 percentage points in 2024, at the higher end of Cboe’s medium-term organic total net revenue1 guidance expectations of 5 to 7 percentage points.
  • Reaffirms organic net revenue1 from Data and Access Solutions is expected to increase by approximately 7 to 10 percentage points in 2024, in line with medium-term guidance expectations of 7 to 10 percentage points.
  • Adjusted operating expenses1 in 2024 are now expected to be in the range of $795 to $805 million, down from previous guidance of $798 to $808 million. The guidance excludes the expected amortization of acquired intangible assets of $93 million; the company reflects the exclusion of this amount in its non-GAAP reconciliation.
  • Reaffirms depreciation and amortization expense for 2024 is expected to be in the range of $43 to $47 million, excluding the expected amortization of acquired intangible assets.
  • Reaffirms minority investments are expected to contribute a $37 to $43 million benefit in 2024 to non-operating income. Anticipates that $33 to $37 million of the benefit will come in the earnings in investments line and $4 to $6 million through the other income, net line.
  • Reaffirms the effective tax rate on adjusted earnings1 for the full year 2024 is expected to be in the range of 28.5 to 30.5 percent. Significant changes in trading volume, expenses, tax laws or rates and other items could materially impact this expectation.
  • Reaffirms capital expenditures for 2024 are expected to be in the range of $51 to $57 million.

(1)Specific quantifications of the amounts that would be required to reconcile the company’s organic and inorganic growth guidance, adjusted operating expenses guidance, annualized adjusted operating expenses guidance, and the effective tax rate on adjusted earnings guidance are not available. Acquisitions are considered organic after 12 months of closing. The company believes that there is uncertainty and unpredictability with respect to certain of its GAAP measures, primarily related to acquisition-related revenues and expenses that would be required to reconcile to GAAP revenues less cost of revenues, GAAP operating expenses and GAAP effective tax rate, which preclude the company from providing accurate guidance on certain forward-looking GAAP to non-GAAP reconciliations. The company believes that providing estimates of the amounts that would be required to reconcile the range of the company’s organic growth, adjusted operating expenses, annualized adjusted operating expenses, and the effective tax rate on adjusted earnings would imply a degree of precision that would be confusing or misleading to investors for the reasons identified above.

Capital Management

At March 31, 2024, the company had cash and cash equivalents of $536.3 million, and adjusted cash2 of $536.8 million. Total debt as of March 31, 2024 was $1,439.6 million.

The company paid cash dividends of $58.5 million, or $0.55 per share, during the first quarter of 2024 and utilized $89.3 million to repurchase approximately 490 thousand shares of its common stock under its share repurchase program at an average price of $182.26 per share. As of March 31, 2024, the company had approximately $294.8 million of availability remaining under its existing share repurchase authorizations.

Earnings Conference Call

Executives of Cboe Global Markets will host a conference call to review its first-quarter financial results today, May 3, 2024, at 8:30 a.m. ET/7:30 a.m. CT. The conference call and any accompanying slides will be publicly available via live webcast from the Investor Relations section of the company’s website at www.cboe.com under Events & Presentations. Participants may also listen via telephone by dialing (800) 715-9871 (toll-free) or (646) 307-1963 (toll) and using the Conference ID 2619514. Telephone participants should place calls 10 minutes prior to the start of the call. The webcast will be archived on the company’s website for replay.

(2)A full reconciliation of our non-GAAP results to our GAAP results is included in the attached tables. See “Non-GAAP Information” in the accompanying financial tables.

About Cboe Global Markets

Cboe Global Markets (Cboe: CBOE), the world’s leading derivatives and securities exchange network, delivers cutting-edge trading, clearing and investment solutions to people around the world. Cboe provides trading solutions and products in multiple asset classes, including equities, derivatives, FX, and digital assets, across North America, Europe, and Asia Pacific. Above all, Cboe is committed to building a trusted, inclusive global marketplace that enables people to pursue a sustainable financial future. To learn more about the Exchange for the World Stage, visit www.cboe.com.

Cautionary Statements Regarding Forward-Looking Information

This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 that involve a number of risks and uncertainties. You can identify these statements by forward-looking words such as “may,” “might,” “should,” “expect,” “plan,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “predict,” “potential” or “continue,” and the negative of these terms and other comparable terminology. All statements that reflect our expectations, assumptions or projections about the future other than statements of historical fact are forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements, which are subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties and assumptions about us, may include projections of our future financial performance based on our growth strategies and anticipated trends in our business. These statements are only predictions based on our current expectations and projections about future events. There are important factors that could cause our actual results, level of activity, performance or achievements to differ materially from those expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements.

We operate in a very competitive and rapidly changing environment. New risks and uncertainties emerge from time to time, and it is not possible to predict all risks and uncertainties, nor can we assess the impact of all factors on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements.

Some factors that could cause actual results to differ include: the loss of our right to exclusively list and trade certain index options and futures products; economic, political and market conditions; compliance with legal and regulatory obligations; price competition and consolidation in our industry; decreases in trading or clearing volumes, market data fees or a shift in the mix of products traded on our exchanges; legislative or regulatory changes or changes in tax regimes; our ability to protect our systems and communication networks from security vulnerabilities and breaches; our ability to attract and retain skilled management and other personnel, increasing competition by foreign and domestic entities; our dependence on and exposure to risk from third parties; global expansion of operations; factors that impact the quality and integrity of our and other applicable indices; our ability to manage our growth and strategic acquisitions or alliances effectively; our ability to operate our business without violating the intellectual property rights of others and the costs associated with protecting our intellectual property rights; our ability to minimize the risks, including our credit, counterparty investment, and default risks, associated with operating a European clearinghouse; our ability to accommodate trading and clearing volume and transaction traffic, including significant increases, without failure or degradation of performance of our systems; misconduct by those who use our markets or our products or for whom we clear transactions; challenges to our use of open source software code; our ability to meet our compliance obligations, including managing potential conflicts between our regulatory responsibilities and our for-profit status; our ability to maintain BIDS Trading as an independently managed and operated trading venue, separate from and not integrated with our registered national securities exchanges; damage to our reputation; the ability of our compliance and risk management methods to effectively monitor and manage our risks; restrictions imposed by our debt obligations and our ability to make payments on or refinance our debt obligations; our ability to maintain an investment grade credit rating; impairment of our goodwill, long-lived assets, investments or intangible assets; the impacts of pandemics; the accuracy of our estimates and expectations; litigation risks and other liabilities; risks relating to digital assets, including winding down the Cboe Digital spot crypto market, operating a digital assets futures clearinghouse, cybercrime, changes in digital asset regulation, and fluctuations in digital asset prices. More detailed information about factors that may affect our actual results to differ may be found in our filings with the SEC, including in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023 and other filings made from time to time with the SEC.

We do not undertake, and we expressly disclaim, any duty to update any forward-looking statement whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date hereof.

The condensed consolidated statements of income and balance sheets are unaudited and subject to revision.

Cboe Media Contacts:




Analyst Contact:

Angela Tu


Tim Cave


Kenneth Hill, CFA

(646) 856–8734


+44 (0) 7593 506 719


(312) 786–7559

atu@cboe.com


tcave@cboe.com


khill@cboe.com

CBOE-F

Trademarks:

Cboe®, Cboe Global Markets®, Cboe Volatility Index®, Bats®, BIDS Trading®, BZX®, BYX®, Chi-X®, Cboe Clear®, Cboe Digital®, EDGX®, EDGA®, MATCHNow®, and VIX® are registered trademarks of Cboe Global Markets, Inc. and its subsidiaries. All other trademarks and service marks are the property of their respective owners.

Cboe Global Markets, Inc.

Key Performance Statistics by Business Segment




1Q 2024

4Q 2023

3Q 2023

2Q 2023

1Q 2023

Options

















Total industry ADV (in thousands)



47,452



44,410



43,411



42,964



46,057


Total company Options ADV (in thousands)



14,833



14,896



14,592



14,306



14,657


Multi-listed options



10,744



10,725



10,848



10,622



11,062


Index options



4,089



4,172



3,743



3,683



3,595


Total Options market share



31.3

%


33.5

%


33.6

%


33.3

%


31.8

%

Multi-listed options



24.8

%


26.7

%


27.4

%


27.1

%


26.1

%

Total Options RPC:


$

0.299


$

0.297


$

0.270


$

0.271


$

0.267


Multi-listed options


$

0.064


$

0.060


$

0.055


$

0.061


$

0.064


Index options


$

0.915


$

0.908


$

0.894


$

0.877


$

0.889



















North American Equities

















U.S. Equities – Exchange:

















Total industry ADV (shares in billions)



11.8



11.2



10.4



10.7



11.8


Market share % 



12.8

%


13.0

%


12.7

%


12.7

%


12.7

%

Net capture (per 100 touched shares)


$

0.019


$

0.013


$

0.022


$

0.021


$

0.019


U.S. Equities – Off-Exchange:

















ADV (touched shares, in millions)



77.1



72.7



71.4



78.7



89.4


Off-Exchange ATS Block Market Share % (reported on a one-month lag)



18.4

%


18.4

%


19.9

%


19.9

%


20.4

%

Net capture (per 100 touched shares)


$

0.141


$

0.143


$

0.129


$

0.122


$

0.113


Canadian Equities:

















ADV (matched shares, in millions)



146.3



141.8



127.5



124.2



150.8


Total market share %



15.3

%


15.3

%


15.2

%


14.5

%


14.3

%

Net capture (per 10,000 shares, in Canadian Dollars)


$

3.997


$

3.905


$

3.976


$

4.055


$

4.039



















Europe and Asia Pacific

















European Equities:

















Total industry ADNV (Euros – in billions)


41.8


37.7


34.3


38.7


45.8


Market share % 



23.7

%


23.9

%


23.2

%


23.8

%


24.9

%

Net capture (per matched notional value (bps), in Euros)


0.249


0.233


0.232


0.230


0.215


Cboe Clear Europe:

















Trades cleared (in thousands)



294,325.7



281,938.1



255,152.3



275,519.8



359,418.1


Fee per trade cleared (in Euros)


0.008


0.010


0.010


0.009


0.008


Net settlement volume (shares in thousands)



2,524.6



2,511.6



2,469.5



2,402.0



2,661.9


Net fee per settlement (in Euros)


1.072


0.899


0.927


0.887


0.953


Australian Equities:

















ADNV (AUD – in billions)


$

0.8


$

0.7


$

0.7


$

0.7


$

0.8


Market share – Continuous



20.4

%


20.3

%


17.9

%


18.2

%


18.5

%

Net capture (per matched notional value (bps), in Australian Dollars)


$

0.156


$

0.157


$

0.155


$

0.160


$

0.160


Japanese Equities:

















ADNV (JPY – in billions)


¥

315.9


¥

190.2


¥

148.7


¥

184.3


¥

183.3


Market share – Lit Continuous



5.0

%


4.0

%


3.3

%


4.1

%


4.8

%

Net capture (per matched notional value (bps), in Yen)


¥

0.227


¥

0.252


¥

0.257


¥

0.256


¥

0.243



















Futures

















ADV (in thousands)



220.0



233.4



230.0



197.4



231.8


RPC


$

1.749


$

1.729


$

1.753


$

1.826


$

1.725



















Global FX

















Spot market share % 



20.3

%


21.3

%


20.2

%


19.5

%


19.0

%

ADNV ($ – in billions)


$

45.3


$

47.0


$

44.4


$

42.5


$

45.0


Net capture (per one million dollars traded)


$

2.62


$

2.60


$

2.64


$

2.66


$

2.64


ADV = average daily volume; ADNV = average daily notional value.

RPC, average revenue per contract, for options and futures represents total net transaction fees recognized for the period divided by total contracts traded during the period.

Touched volume represents the total number of shares of equity securities and ETFs internally matched on our exchanges or routed to and executed on an external market center.

Matched volume represents the total number of shares of equity securities and ETFs executed on our exchanges.

U.S. Equities – Exchange, “net capture per 100 touched shares” refers to transaction fees less liquidity payments and routing and clearing costs divided by the product of one-hundredth ADV of touched shares on BZX, BYX, EDGX and EDGA and the number of trading days. U.S. Equities – Off-Exchange data reflects BIDS Trading. For U.S. Equities – Off-Exchange, “net capture per 100 touched shares” refers to transaction fees less order and execution management system (OMS/EMS) fees and clearing costs divided by the product of one-hundredth ADV of touched shares on BIDS Trading and the number of trading days for the period.

Canadian Equities, “net capture per 10,000 shares” refers to transaction fees divided by the product of one-ten thousandth ADV of shares for MATCHNow and Cboe Canada and the number of trading days. Total market share represents MATCHNow and Cboe Canada volume divided by the total volume of the Canadian Equities market. As of January 1, 2024, the Cboe Canada and MATCHNow entities have been amalgamated into Cboe Canada Inc.

European Equities, “net capture per matched notional value” refers to transaction fees less liquidity payments in Euros divided by the product of ADNV in Euros of shares matched on Cboe Europe Equities and the number of trading days. “Trades cleared” refers to the total number of non-interoperable trades cleared, “Fee per trade cleared” refers to clearing fees divided by number of non-interoperable trades cleared, “Net settlement volume” refers to the total number of settlements executed after netting, and “Net fee per settlement” refers to settlement fees less direct costs incurred to settle divided by the number of settlements executed after netting.

Asia Pacific data reflects the acquisition of Cboe Asia Pacific. Australian Equities “Net capture per matched notional value” refers to transaction fees less liquidity payments in Australian dollars divided by the product of ADNV in Australian dollars of shares matched on Cboe Australia and the number of Australian Equities trading days. Japanese Equities “Net capture per matched notional value” refers to transaction fees less liquidity payments in Japanese Yen divided by the product of ADNV in Japanese Yen of shares matched on Cboe Japan and the number of Japanese Equities trading days.

Global FX, “net capture per one million dollars traded” refers to transaction fees less liquidity payments, if any, divided by the Spot and SEF products of one-thousandth of ADNV traded on the Cboe FX Markets and the number of trading days, divided by two, which represents the buyer and seller that are both charged on the transaction. Market Share represents Cboe FX volume divided by the total volume of publicly reporting spot FX venues (Cboe FX, EBS, Refinitiv, and Euronext FX).

Average transaction fees per contract can be affected by various factors, including exchange fee rates, volume-based discounts and transaction mix by contract type and product type.

Cboe Global Markets, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income (Unaudited)

Three Months Ended March 31, 2024 and 2023




Three Months Ended  March 31, 

(in millions, except per share amounts)


2024


2023

Revenues:







Cash and spot markets


$

380.9


$

407.0

Data and access solutions



140.2



129.4

Derivatives markets



436.1



451.8

Total Revenues



957.2



988.2

Cost of Revenues:







Liquidity payments



338.8



371.8

Routing and clearing



16.0



24.0

Section 31 fees



42.1



74.9

Royalty fees and other cost of revenues



58.2



46.1

Total Cost of Revenues



455.1



516.8

Revenues Less Cost of Revenues



502.1



471.4

Operating Expenses:







Compensation and benefits



115.3



110.4

Depreciation and amortization



37.3



41.4

Technology support services



24.2



22.2

Professional fees and outside services



21.5



23.9

Travel and promotional expenses



7.5



6.2

Facilities costs



6.5



7.6

Acquisition-related costs



0.6



6.4

Other expenses



6.8



5.4

Total Operating Expenses



219.7



223.5

Operating Income



282.4



247.9

Non-operating Income (Expenses):







Interest expense



(13.0)



(17.1)

Interest income



4.1



2.0

Earnings in investments



14.0



15.3

Other income, net



4.6



0.1

Total Non-operating Expenses



9.7



0.3

Income Before Income Tax Provision



292.1



248.2

Income tax provision



82.6



74.8

Net Income



209.5



173.4

Net income allocated to participating securities



(1.2)



(0.8)

Net Income Allocated to Common Stockholders


$

208.3


$

172.6

Net Income Per Share Allocated to Common Stockholders:







Basic earnings per share


$

1.97


$

1.63

Diluted earnings per share



1.96



1.63

Weighted average shares used in computing income per share:







Basic



105.6



105.9

Diluted



106.1



106.2

 

Cboe Global Markets, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (Unaudited)

March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023




March 31, 


December 31, 

(in millions)


2024


2023

Assets







Current Assets:







Cash and cash equivalents


$

536.3


$

543.2

Financial investments



58.8



57.5

Accounts receivable, net



370.2



337.3

Margin deposits, clearing funds, and interoperability funds



1,544.6



848.8

Digital assets – safeguarded assets



93.3



51.3

Income taxes receivable



6.8



74.5

Other current assets



65.1



66.7

Total Current Assets



2,675.1



1,979.3








Investments



361.8



345.3

Property and equipment, net



106.0



109.2

Property held for sale



8.7



8.7

Operating lease right of use assets



130.6



136.6

Goodwill



3,133.8



3,140.6

Intangible assets, net



1,526.7



1,561.5

Other assets, net



209.4



206.3

Total Assets


$

8,152.1


$

7,487.5








Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity







Current Liabilities:







Accounts payable and accrued liabilities


$

304.7


$

412.7

Section 31 fees payable



42.7



51.9

Deferred revenue



12.9



5.9

Margin deposits, clearing funds, and interoperability funds



1,544.6



848.8

Income taxes payable





1.0

Digital assets – safeguarded liabilities



93.3



51.3

Current portion of contingent consideration liabilities



8.8



11.8

Total Current Liabilities



2,007.0



1,383.4








Long-term debt



1,439.6



1,439.2

Non-current unrecognized tax benefits



257.4



243.8

Deferred income taxes



214.2



217.8

Non-current operating lease liabilities



144.3



150.8

Other non-current liabilities



65.5



67.5

Total Liabilities



4,128.0



3,502.5








Stockholders’ Equity:







Preferred stock





Common stock



1.1



1.1

Treasury stock at cost



(125.3)



(10.5)

Additional paid-in capital



1,495.3



1,478.6

Retained earnings



2,676.2



2,525.2

Accumulated other comprehensive loss, net



(23.2)



(9.4)

Total Stockholders’ Equity



4,024.1



3,985.0








Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity


$

8,152.1


$

7,487.5

Non-GAAP Information

In addition to disclosing results determined in accordance with GAAP, Cboe Global Markets has disclosed certain non-GAAP measures of operating performance. These measures are not in accordance with, or a substitute for, GAAP, and may be different from or inconsistent with non-GAAP financial measures used by other companies. The non-GAAP measures provided in this press release include net transaction and clearing fees, adjusted operating expenses, adjusted operating income, organic net revenue, inorganic net revenue, and adjusted operating margin, adjusted net income allocated to common stockholders and adjusted diluted earnings per share, effective tax rate on adjusted earnings, adjusted cash, net revenues in constant currency, EBITDA, EBITDA margin, adjusted EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA margin.

Management believes that the non-GAAP financial measures presented in this press release provide additional and comparative information to assess trends in our core operations and a means to evaluate period-to-period comparisons. Non-GAAP financial measures disclosed by management are provided as additional information to investors in order to provide them with an alternative method for assessing our financial condition and operating results.

Organic net revenue, inorganic net revenue, organic non-transaction revenue and organic net revenue guidance: These are non-GAAP financial measures that exclude or have otherwise been adjusted for the impact of our acquisitions for the period or guidance, as applicable. Management believes the organic net revenue growth and guidance measures provide users with supplemental information regarding the company’s ongoing and future potential revenue performances and trends by presenting revenue growth and guidance excluding the impact of the acquisitions. Revenues from acquisitions that have been owned for at least one year are considered organic and are no longer excluded from organic net revenue from either period for comparative purposes.

Amortization expense of acquired intangible assets: We amortize intangible assets acquired in connection with various acquisitions. Amortization of intangible assets is inconsistent in amount and frequency and is significantly affected by the timing and size of our acquisitions. As such, if intangible asset amortization is included in performance measures, it is more difficult to assess the day-to-day operating performance of the businesses, the relative operating performance of the businesses between periods and the earnings power of the company. Therefore, we believe performance measures excluding intangible asset amortization expense provide investors with an additional basis for comparison across accounting periods.

Acquisition-related expenses: From time to time, we have pursued acquisitions, which have resulted in expenses which would not otherwise have been incurred in the normal course of the company’s business operations. These expenses include integration costs, as well as legal, due diligence, impairment charges, and other third-party transaction costs. The frequency and the amount of such expenses vary significantly based on the size, timing and complexity of the transaction. Accordingly, we exclude these costs for purposes of calculating non-GAAP measures which provide an additional analysis of Cboe’s ongoing operating performance or comparisons in Cboe’s performance between periods.

The tables below show the reconciliation of each financial measure from GAAP to non-GAAP. The non-GAAP financial measures exclude the impact of those items detailed below and are referred to as adjusted financial measures. 

Reconciliation of GAAP and Non-GAAP Information




Three Months Ended


Table 3


March 31, 


(in millions, except per share amounts)


2024


2023


Reconciliation of Net Income Allocated to Common Stockholders to Non-GAAP (As shown on Table 1)








Net income allocated to common stockholders


$

208.3


$

172.6


Non-GAAP adjustments








Acquisition-related expenses (1)



0.6



6.4


Amortization of acquired intangible assets (2)



26.2



30.9


Gain on revaluation of Cboe Digital non-recourse notes and warrants (3)



(0.4)




Total Non-GAAP adjustments



26.4



37.3


Income tax expense related to the items above



(6.9)



(9.5)


Tax reserves (4)





1.5


Net income allocated to participating securities – effect on reconciling items



(0.1)



(0.1)


Adjusted earnings


$

227.7


$

201.8










Reconciliation of Diluted EPS to Non-GAAP








Diluted earnings per common share


$

1.96


$

1.63


Per share impact of non-GAAP adjustments noted above



0.19



0.27


Adjusted diluted earnings per common share


$

2.15


$

1.90










Reconciliation of Operating Margin to Non-GAAP








Adjusted revenue less cost of revenue


$

502.1


$

471.4


Operating expenses (5)


$

219.7


$

223.5


Non-GAAP adjustments noted above



26.8



37.3


Adjusted operating expenses


$

192.9


$

186.2


Operating income


$

282.4


$

247.9


Non-GAAP adjustments noted above



26.8



37.3


Adjusted operating income


$

309.2


$

285.2


Adjusted operating margin (6)



61.6

%


60.5

%









Reconciliation of Income Tax Rate to Non-GAAP








Income before income taxes



292.1



248.2


Non-GAAP adjustments noted above



26.4



37.3


Adjusted income before income taxes


$

318.5


$

285.5










Income tax expense



82.6



74.8


Non-GAAP adjustments noted above



6.9



8.0


Adjusted income tax expense


$

89.5


$

82.8


Adjusted income tax rate



28.1

%


29.0

%


(1) This amount includes ongoing acquisition related costs primarily from the Company’s Cboe Digital, Cboe Canada, Cboe Japan and Cboe Australia acquisitions.

(2) This amount represents the amortization of acquired intangible assets related to the Company’s acquisitions.

(3) This amount represents the gain due to the revaluation of the Cboe Digital non-recourse notes and warrants, which is included in other income, net on the condensed consolidated statements of income.

(4) This amount represents the tax reserves related to Section 199 matters.

(5) The Company sponsors deferred compensation plans held in a trust. The expenses or income related to the deferred compensation plans are included in “Compensation and benefits” ($1.5 million and $3.2 million in expense for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively, and are directly offset by deferred compensation income, expenses and dividends included within “Other income, net” ($1.5 million and $3.2 million in income, expense and dividends in the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively, on the condensed consolidated statements of income. The deferred compensation plans’ expenses are not excluded from “adjusted operating expenses” and do not have an impact on “Income before income taxes.”

(6) Adjusted operating margin represents adjusted operating income divided by adjusted revenue less cost of revenue.

EBITDA Reconciliations

EBITDA (earnings before interest, income taxes, depreciation and amortization) and Adjusted EBITDA are widely used non-GAAP financial measures of operating performance. EBITDA margin represents EBITDA divided by revenues less cost of revenues (net revenue). It is presented as supplemental information that the company believes is useful to investors to evaluate its results because it excludes certain items that are not directly related to the company’s core operating performance. EBITDA is calculated by adding back to net income interest expense, income tax expense, depreciation and amortization. Adjusted EBITDA is calculated by adding back to EBITDA acquisition-related expenses and gain on revaluation of Cboe Digital non-recourse notes and warrants. EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered as substitutes either for net income, as an indicator of the company’s operating performance, or for cash flow, as a measure of the company’s liquidity. In addition, because EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA may not be calculated identically by all companies, the presentation here may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures of other companies. Adjusted EBITDA margin represents Adjusted EBITDA divided by net revenue.

Table 4


Three Months Ended


(in millions, except percentages)


March 31, 


Reconciliation of Net Income Allocated to Common Stockholders to EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA (Per Table 1)


2024


2023


Net income allocated to common stockholders


$

208.3


$

172.6


Interest expense, net



8.9



15.1


Income tax provision



82.6



74.8


Depreciation and amortization



37.3



41.4


EBITDA


$

337.1


$

303.9


EBITDA Margin



67.1

%


64.5

%









Non-GAAP adjustments not included in above line items








Acquisition-related expenses



0.6



6.4


Gain on revaluation of Cboe Digital non-recourse notes and warrants



(0.4)




Adjusted EBITDA


$

337.3


$

310.3


Adjusted EBITDA Margin



67.2

%


65.8

%

















Table 5








(in millions)


March 31, 


December 31, 


Reconciliation of Cash and Cash Equivalents to Adjusted Cash


2024


2023


Cash and cash equivalents


$

536.3


$

543.2


Financial investments



58.8



57.5


Less deferred compensation plan assets



(35.2)



(36.7)


Less cash collected for Section 31 Fees



(23.1)



(30.5)


Adjusted Cash


$

536.8


$

533.5


 

Table 6










































(in millions)










































Reconciliation of Net Transaction and Clearing Fees by Business Segment –Three Months Ended March 31, 2024 and 2023
















Consolidated


Options


N.A. Equities


Europe and APAC


Futures


Global FX


Digital


March 31, 


March 31, 


March 31, 


March 31, 


March 31, 


March 31, 


March 31, 


2024


2023


2024


2023


2024


2023


2024


2023


2024


2023


2024


2023


2024


2023

Transaction and clearing fees

$

718.5


$

732.5


$

389.8


$

395.8


$

251.7


$

255.0


$

38.8


$

42.1


$

23.5


$

24.8


$

15.5


$

15.8


$

(0.8)


$

(1.0)

Liquidity payments


(338.8)



(371.8)



(115.3)



(144.2)



(215.2)



(215.9)



(8.1)



(11.3)











(0.2)



(0.4)

Routing and clearing


(16.0)



(24.0)



(4.2)



(9.7)



(7.1)



(9.4)



(4.4)



(4.6)







(0.3)



(0.3)





Net transaction and clearing fees

$

363.7


$

336.7


$

270.3


$

241.9


$

29.4


$

29.7


$

26.3


$

26.2


$

23.5


$

24.8


$

15.2


$

15.5


$

(1.0)


$

(1.4)

 

Table 7
























(in millions)
























Reconciliation of Net Revenue by Revenue Caption –Three Months Ended March 31, 2024 and 2023


Cash and Spot Markets


Data and Access Solutions


Derivatives Markets


Total


Three Months Ended


Three Months Ended


Three Months Ended


Three Months Ended


March 31, 


March 31, 


March 31, 


March 31, 


2024


2023


2024


2023


2024


2023


2024


2023

Transaction and clearing fees

$

305.2


$

311.9


$


$


$

413.3


$

420.6


$

718.5


$

732.5

Access and capacity fees






90.1



84.2







90.1



84.2

Market data fees


16.0



17.9



49.3



44.5



6.7



8.5



72.0



70.9

Regulatory fees


34.9



62.6







15.3



21.9



50.2



84.5

Other revenue


24.8



14.6



0.8



0.7



0.8



0.8



26.4



16.1

Total revenues

$

380.9


$

407.0


$

140.2


$

129.4


$

436.1


$

451.8


$

957.2


$

988.2

























Liquidity payments

$

222.9


$

227.0


$


$


$

115.9


$

144.8


$

338.8


$

371.8

Routing and clearing fees


11.8



14.3







4.2



9.7



16.0



24.0

Section 31 fees


34.7



61.4







7.4



13.5



42.1



74.9

Royalty fees and other cost of revenues


14.2



7.1



2.5



2.2



41.5



36.8



58.2



46.1

Total cost of revenues

$

283.6


$

309.8


$

2.5


$

2.2


$

169.0


$

204.8


$

455.1


$

516.8

























Revenues less cost of revenues (net revenue)

$

97.3


$

97.2


$

137.7


$

127.2


$

267.1


$

247.0


$

502.1


$

471.4

 

Table 8







(in millions)







Reconciliation of GAAP Net Revenues to Net Revenues in Constant Currency – Three Months Ended March 31, 2024 and 2023











Three Months Ended,



Three Months Ended,




March 31, 



March 31, 




2024



2023

Europe and Asia Pacific net revenues


$

54.1


$

49.3

Constant currency adjustment



(0.7)



3.5

Europe and Asia Pacific net revenues in constant currency1


$

53.4


$

52.8


(1) Net revenues in constant currency is calculated by converting the current period GAAP net revenues in local currency using the foreign currency exchange rates that were in effect during the previous comparable period.

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